Yale University Publications in Anthropology

The Yale University Publications in Anthropology monograph series, established in 1936, embodies the results of research in anthropology directly conducted or sponsored by the Yale University Department of Anthropology and the Yale Peabody Museum’s Division of Anthropology. Occasionally, other manuscripts of outstanding quality on subjects of special interest to the Department of Anthropology faculty may be included in the series.

With more than 85 years of distinction in anthropological publications, the series includes works by noted anthropologists, ethnographers, and archaeologists, among them Cornelius Osgood and Irving Rouse. The series is particularly strong in the archaeology of the Caribbean, along with titles on research in Andean archaeology, including at Machu Picchu. Other monographs cover topics in the archaeology and early history of complex society in Africa as part of the Civilizations of the Western Sudan group of titles.

The series is published jointly by the Yale University Department of Anthropology and the Yale Peabody Museum. Publication is supported by the Theodore and Ruth Wilmanns Lidz Endowment Fund for Excellence in Scholarly Publications, which is dedicated to the dissemination of scholarly research and study of the world and its cultures. Currently available titles are distributed by Yale University Press.

Requests for permission to reproduce materials, in any format, from titles published by the Yale Peabody Museum should be directed to the publications manager. Requests for rights clearance and availability of other materials, including requests to photograph and film at the Museum, should be directed to Peabody’s Registrar at permissions.peabody@yale.edu.

Authors interested in publishing in the Yale University Publications in Anthropology (YUPA) series must contact the curatorial editor-in-chief at the Yale Department of Anthropology in advance of manuscript submission. Address correspondence to:

Dr. Richard L. Burger
Curatorial Editor-in-Chief,
Yale University Publications in Anthropology
Department of Anthropology, Yale University
P.O. Box P.O. Box 208277
New Haven CT 06520-8277 USA
+1 (203) 432-6517


Authors named on manuscripts must have played a significant role in the research, writing, and in the guidance of the research being reported. Those whose role involved providing materials, specimens, financial support, field assistance, or review should be recognized in the acknowledgments. The initial submission email to the curatorial editor-in-chief must be copied to all of the manuscript’s co-authors.

Peer Review

Manuscripts may be sent out for external peer review by one or more referees or may be reviewed internally by the curatorial editor-in-chief and one or more members of the YUPA Editorial Committee and, if appropriate, the Yale Peabody Museum Division of Anthropology. Authors are encouraged to recommend and provide email addresses for suitable referees.

Revisions & Scheduling

Accepted manuscripts will be returned with referee comments and recommendations for revision. Figures will be evaluated for suitability for publication and a checklist of any technical improvements needed provided. New electronic files (including revised figures, if any) will be required on submission of the revised manuscript. A manuscript may go through a single or several revision cycles. Failure to make required changes can result in rejection. Unrequested changes without written justification may be treated as a new submission if substantial, or can result in rejection. Co-authors are responsible for coordinating revisions before final submission.

On acceptance and receipt of your manuscript, you will receive the following documents to be completed and returned to Yale Peabody Museum Publications:

  • Our publication agreement.
  • A publication agreement for distribution to contributors, if applicable.
  • An Author Information Form for marketing and promotion information. List contact information (including email and mailing addresses) for all authors, editors, and contributors.
  • A sample permissions letter:

These documents, along with written documentation of rights clearance for third party materials used, if any, must be received before the manuscript can be scheduled for production. Authors must confirm their intention to submit a revised manuscript and provide new and complete electronic files (including revised figures, if any). Revised and complete manuscripts are published in the order in which accepted for publication within approximately a year of receipt of complete final files and documentation. Delays can result if materials are not in proper form. No manuscript will be scheduled for publication until all final materials and required documents are received and accepted. If requirements are not met the publication date cannot be guaranteed; delayed manuscripts may be rescheduled.


Corrected proofs must be returned to the publications manager within a mutually agreed on schedule, not to exceed 30 days.

Authors will have the opportunity to review both copyedited tracked Word text files and one set of formatted PDF page proofs of their forthcoming YUPA volume for final approval. For works with multiple contributors, the corresponding author or volume editor is responsible for the timely distribution and return of proofs, including compiling comments and corrections from all individual contributors.

The PDF proof pages are for checking typographical errors and for resolving queries or missing information; to avoid delays, content revisions or corrections for changes in meaning due to the copyediting process can only be made in the edited Word files and will not be allowed on page proofs. Extensive revision will not be accepted unless the author is willing to cover the costs of any such revisions.

Page Charges

There are no page charges. However, manuscripts that include color figures or unusual or complex materials must receive advance approval and authors must provide financial support for production costs.

Manuscript Preparation

Attention to YUPA editorial policies and manuscript and figure preparation recommendations will substantially expedite production of your book. Carefully review manuscript preparation requirements and contact the Yale Peabody Museum publications manager with any questions. Delays may result if materials are not in proper form. Include full contact information, including email and mailing addresses for all contributors, with your submission. Designate a corresponding author and indicate who should receive editorial correspondence and page proofs if it is not the lead author.

Manuscripts are copyedited for YUPA style and format after all reviewer revisions have been incorporated and a final revised and complete manuscript has been received. Keep copies of all submitted files. YUPA is not responsible for lost or corrupted files.


To protect its publications and facilitate distribution (print and digital) and archiving, all titles published in the YUPA series are copyrighted in the name of Yale University. All contributors to a YUPA title are required to assign their copyright interests in their work, including electronic rights, by written agreement. Authors are in turn granted the right to re-use their work in their own noncommercial scholarly work, with attribution to the original book. There are no royalties or other monetary compensation. Completed and signed agreements are due no later than submission of revised accepted manuscripts.

A signed agreement is required for each contributor to an edited volume that include material from contributors other than the authors or editors listed on the title page, in addition to the volume editor’s publication agreement. The volume editor is responsible for obtaining these signed agreements using our agreement form. Completed and signed contributor agreements are due no later than submission of revised accepted manuscripts.


Authors using previously published material to which they do not own copyright (text, data, photographs, charts, and illustrations) are responsible for obtaining, at their own expense, rights clearances from copyright holders and for submitting written documentation with their manuscript to the Yale Peabody Museum publications manager, to be kept on file. Full credit and attribution for such materials must be included in captions or the acknowledgments.

It is the responsibility of the authors to make copyright holders aware that such permission documentation should grant both print and electronic worldwide rights in perpetuity. Download our sample permission request letter here:

Note that copyright rests with the creator of any text, data, chart, illustration, or photograph unless transferred in writing or created as a work-for-hire. For guidance on rights usage and permissions see the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., Chapter 4. For more information see the Columbia University Libraries Copyright Advisory Services website for Copyright Basics and Copyright Quick Guide.

All Google Maps and Google Earth imagery must be at high resolution and have attribution. Follow Google’s requirements.Rights clearance documentation is not required, but the original credit and copyright information shown on the images must be retained (at a size legible in the final version) or included in a caption.


Each author or editor listed on the title page receives 5 print copies of the YUPA book on publication, with the option to purchase additional copies from Yale University Press at a discount. Contributors to edited volumes receive 1 print copy, on publication, but do not receive a discount. Note that YUPA books and chapters are not provided as PDF files.

All production for YUPA titles is coordinated by Yale Peabody Museum Publications, from acceptance through to final publication. Submit final, complete revised files for accepted manuscripts that have been approved by the YUPA Editorial Committee to the publications manager.

All materials must be provided as electronic Microsoft Word files for text, captions, and tables, and standard format digital image files for figures. Do not embed figures and tables in the text files.

Electronic files must be accompanied by 2 print copies of the entire manuscript as single-sided, double-spaced pages, in 12pt Times New Roman, with 1-inch margins on good quality 8.5" x 11" white paper, and with figures and tables supplied separately, one per page. Print copies must exactly match the electronic files.

All monographs should be organized into titled chapters. Book titles should have a main title and a subtitle. Titles, chapter titles, and all headings should be short, precise and straightforwardly descriptive, succinctly conveying its content. Do not use abbreviations, acronyms, citations or hyphenated terms in titles.
Manuscripts should contain these main sections:

  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Foreword (optional)
  • Numbered chapters with titles
  • Appendices (if present)
  • References

YUPA will arrange for a professionally prepared index after the approval of final page proofs. Authors will have the opportunity to review and comment on the index before publication.

In addition, submissions should include:

  • An unnumbered cover page with the book’s title and subtitle, full author name(s) exactly as they are to appear on the title page, and date of final submission. Indicate the corresponding author who is to receive proofs and communications and provide availability during the academic year and in the field, as appropriate.
  • A list of contributors and their affiliations for individually authored chapters and appendices (for edited volumes).
  • A separate Word file for each chapter and section (preface, appendix, references, etc.), paginated continuously; do not include line numbers.
  • A list of numbered figures with short titles.
  • A list of numbered tables with short titles.
  • A separate Word file for figure captions.
  • A separate Word file for table captions.
  • All tables as individual, separate tab-delimited Word files. Excel spreadsheets are also accepted, with one table per sheet or workbook.
  • Separate digital files for each figure (illustrations, photographs, maps, charts, and mathematical formulas—NOT tables).
  • Separate print copies or a PDF of figures and tables, one to a page. Do not include captions in the figure files.

Name each file with the lead author’s surname and the content type, and number the files consecutively (e.g., jones-preface.docx, jones-ch1.docx, jones-appendix1.docx, jones-references.docx, jones-captions.docx, jones-tables.docx, jonesfig1.tif, jonesfig2.eps, jonesfig3.tif, etc.).


Provide a preface by the author(s) or editor(s) that discusses the background to the development of the monograph that might be helpful to the reader, including acknowledgments and permissions. Alternatively, lengthy acknowledgements can be provided in a separate section following the preface.


Acknowledgments should include information on granting agencies (provide grant numbers when available) and on individuals and institutions that have lent or provided access to materials, financial support, field assistance or editorial review, among others. The names of illustrators and photographers of work that is not by the author(s) or editor(s) can be included here. Spell out names of individuals, institutions, and agencies.


An optional foreword—a statement by someone other than the author(s) or editor(s)—can precede the preface.


Write with precision, clarity, and economy for an audience that could include students, early career professionals, and interested nonspecialists. Write in the active voice and first person. Using the passive voice sparingly and avoid jargon. Main headings and subheadings should be explicit, descriptive, and short. Hierarchical levels should be parallel and consistent. Avoid more than 4 outline levels. Use at least 2 headings in each level. Do not use all capital letters or small capitals for titles, headings, or subheadings.

Style & Format

Bulletin uses The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, as its primary style manual. For specific formatting not discussed here, consult the latest edition of Scientific Style and Format and the Society for American Archaeology Style Guide. We strongly recommend examining a recent YUPA book for formatting guidance. Manuscripts will be copyedited to YUPA style and for clarity and readability. Yale Peabody Museum Publications reserves the right to adjust style and format to meet the specifications of Yale Peabody Museum publications.

  • Italicize only species names and non-English terms; do not underline, bold, or use other text formatting. Flag special characters, accents, and symbols, particularly in graphic files, that require a special font with a note both in the manuscript and in your submission letter.
  • Avoid abbreviations and acronyms unless well established and used widely in the scientific literature (for example, DNA, pH). Define parenthetically less known acronyms and abbreviations at first use, but if only used a few times spell these terms out instead. Avoid the excessive use of Latin terms and abbreviations.
  • Institutional abbreviations and acronyms, such as catalog number prefixes, should be listed and defined.
  • Follow the International System of Units (SI) for measurements. Provide metric equivalents when non-SI units are necessary. Use the 24-hour clock (0930, 2315), give temperature in degrees Celsius (32 °C) and format dates as 16 June 2021.
  • Spell out numbers from one to nine (except in a series with other numbers over 10); use numerals for 10 and above and very large numbers (250 million, 2.2 billion, except one million). Use numerals for zero and one with units of measure, but spell out if used alone in text. Use math symbols only in equations, not in prose (by not x; is not =; more than 40 objects not >40 objects or 40+ objects).
  • For statistical notation, use an italicized, uppercase N for the number of subjects or participants in a total sample (N = 328); use an italicized, lowercase n in reference to a portion of the sample (n = 42).
  • Designate Yale Peabody Museum specimen and object numbers with the Museum’s 6-digit format and divisional prefix, as follows: YPM PREFIX 000000. Use full numbers in ranges separated by an en dash. For example, YPM ANT 017898; YPM VPPU 016235, 016245; YPM HERR 003873–003881.
  • Do not use footnotes in text or figures, but incorporate these as parentheticals into the text or in captions. Use lowercase letter footnotes in tables, especially to designate source materials.


Tabular material should be typed separately as separate electronic tab-delimited word processing files and not placed into the main text; spreadsheet files are also acceptable. Avoid nested tables. Number tables consecutively using Arabic numerals, separate from figures. All tables must be cited in the main text. Do not use embedded graphics, vertical lines, vertical writing, or all capital letters, but design such data as a figure chart instead. Do not submit tabular material as image files.

For guidance on standard formatting for tables see the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Chapter 3.


Captions are to provide all explanatory text for figures and tables. Submit captions double-spaced in a clearly labeled separate electronic file (not attached to illustrations or tables), with a separate paragraph devoted to each figure or table number. Provide a short introductory phrase or a formal title for each figure or table; do not place titles, legends, and footnotes in the image itself.

All illustrations and photographs are to be called “Figures” (not plates). Number tables separately from figures. Figures and tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Do not split tables and figures into parts. Use uppercase letters in a common sans serif font (such as Helvetica, Myriad or Arial) for labels within a figure; do not use special graphic effects such as shadows or outlining.

Attribution and credit for illustrations or photographs that are not your own must be provided in the caption, or listed in the acknowledgments. Acknowledge sources for figures based on other work with “From Smith 2001” for work substantially reprinted as first published, or with “Modified from Smith 2001” for work adapted from previously published material with changes.

In-text Citations & References

YUPA follows the name-year system recommended in the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition; see specific examples listed there. We recommend consulting a recent YUPA book for guidance.

List citations in the text chronologically from earliest to latest; citations in the same year are listed alphabetically. For more than 3 authors, use “et al.” For articles with different multiple authors in the same year, list as many authors as necessary to distinguish the citations (Gupta, Collinson et al. 2006; Gupta, Michels et al. 2006). Specific pages and figures should use the format: Mayr (1963:236, fig. 4); Mayr (1963, tbl. 4).

Every citation in the text must be referenced in the reference list, including internet sources, repositories, software, and databases. Provide DOIs (digital object identifiers; use format https://doi.org/) or persistent URLs for online references; include date of access, and availability information for hard-to-find sources.

List entries in the References alphabetically by author surname, then chronologically from earliest to latest. Entries with identical lists of authors in the same year are designated as 2021a, 2021b, etc. Provide the names of all authors, editors, and translators as appropriate (use “et al.” for names beyond the 10th).

Spell out journal titles in full. Use lowercase sentence format for journal article titles, upper and lowercase title case for book titles; do not italicize. Do not use quotation marks for article titles.

Do not include unpublished reports, manuscripts in preparation, or other sources that are not accessible to researchers; cite these directly in the text. Cite personal knowledge as: A.B. Smith, pers. obs.; A.B. Smith, pers. comm., 2 January 2020; or A.B. Smith, unpubl. data; A.B. Smith, in prep. Include forthcoming articles in the Literature Cited as “in press” only if under contract to be published.

Provide all illustrations, charts, and photographs at the time of submission as digital files scanned or prepared to professional standards. For best practices on designing figures see The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Chapter 3.

All figures are printed in black-and-white. Image files submitted in color will be converted to grayscale. Manuscripts that include color figures or unusual or complex materials must receive advance approval and authors must provide financial support for production costs.

Authors are responsible for providing high-resolution electronic image files of acceptable quality. Prepare figures at just above 1:1 reproduction size to fit the width of the publication page (6 inches; 15 centimeters). For technical guidance see the recommendations at KnowledgeWorks Global Ltd. Digital Art Support.

Acceptable raster file formats are TIF, JPG, and PSD (Adobe Photoshop). Minimum raster requirements at 1:1 reproduction size:

  • Monochrome (black-and-white only) images such as line graphs and drawings: 1200 ppi
  • Grayscale photographs: 300 ppi
  • Combination halftones images with both photographs and screens, text, lines, or illustrations: 600 ppi (800 ppi preferred)

Acceptable vector file formats are EPS and AI (Adobe Illustrator).

  • Recommended for charts, text added to photos, and illustrations.
  • Vector files that include photographs must have all images embedded (not linked).
  • Embedded images must follow the resolution requirements for raster files.
  • Use a commonly available standard sans serif font such as Myriad Pro, Helvetica, or Arial. Use only bold uppercase letters for labels. Be consistent in the style and placement of labels throughout all figures; do not use special graphic effects such as shadows or outlining. If special fonts (e.g., for symbols on maps) are used, convert all fonts to outlines and save as EPS.

Other formats (PNG, GIF, SVG) and charts and illustrations created in Microsoft Excel and other Office programs are not accepted. Do not submit final images as a figures placed into a Microsoft document.

Figures created from specialized software should be exported for print publication to meet these requirements as recommended by the software vendor. Original camera images should be taken at the highest resolution setting and size available, preferably as TIF files. Scanned materials should meet the raster image requirements above, and use a descreening filter if scanned from a published print source.

Guidance on creating maps to professional standards is available at ESRI’s ArcGIS Blog and the Axis Maps Cartography Guide.


The Yale University Publications in Anthropology series is published jointly by the Yale University Department of Anthropology and the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. Available titles in this series are listed below, arranged by geographic area, and can be purchased through Yale University Press.

Earlier titles in this series are out of print. Check your local or university library system for availability. A limited number of reprints of early volumes are available from HRAF Press by contacting hraf@yale.edu or +1 800 520 4723.

Asia and Oceania

Prehistoric Colonization and Cultural Change in the Marquesas Islands (East Polynesia)
By Barry Vladimir Rolett, 1998
YUPA 81 | ISBN 9780913516188

The Ngandong Fossil Hominids:
A Comparative Study of a Far Eastern Homo erectus Group
By A.P. Santa Luca, 1980
YUPA 78 | ISBN 9780913516119

Fengpitou, Tapenkeng, and the Prehistory of Taiwan
By Kwang-chih Chang, 1969
YUPA 73 | ISBN 9780913516065

The Phonology and Morphology of Ulu Muar Malay (Kuala Pilah District, Negri Sembilan, Malaya)
By Rufus S. Hendon, 1966
YUPA 70 | ISBN 9780913516041


The 1946 and 1953 Yale University Excavations in Trinidad
By Arie Boomert, Birgit Faber-Morse and Irving Rouse, 2013
With contributions by A.J. Daan Isendoorn and Annette Silver
YUPA 92 | ISBN 9780913516287

The Prehistory of Nevis, a Small Island in the Lesser Antilles
By Samuel M. Wilson, 2006
YUPA 87 | ISBN 9780913516232

Jolly Beach and the Preceramic Occupation of Antigua, West Indies
By Dave D. Davis, 2000
YUPA 84 | ISBN 9780913516201

Excavations at the Indian Creek Site, Antigua, West Indies
By Irving Rouse and Birgit Faber-Morse, 1999
YUPA 82 | ISBN 9780913516195

Excavations at Maria de la Cruz Cave and Hacienda Grande Village Site, Loiza, Puerto Rico
By Irving Rouse and Ricardo E. Alegría, 1990
YUPA 80 | ISBN 9780913516164

Ball Courts and Ceremonial Plazas in the West Indies
By Ricardo E. Alegría, 1982
YUPA 79 | ISBN 9780913516157

Spanish Majolica in the New World:
Types of the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries
By John M. Goggin, 1968
YUPA 72 | ISBN 9780913516058

Civilizations of the Western Sudan

Social Constellations and Settlement Practice:
The Archaeology of Non-urban Complexity in Southeastern Burkina Faso
By Daphne E. Gallagher, 2021
YUPA 96 | ISBN 9780913516324

The Search for Takrur:
Archaeological Excavations and Reconnaissance along the Middle Senegal Valley
Edited by Roderick J. McIntosh, Susan Keech McIntosh, and Hamady Bocoum, 2016
YUPA 93 | ISBN 9780913516294

Mesoamerica and South America

Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Upper Huallaga Basin, Peru
By Yuichi Matsumoto, 2020
YUPA 95 | ISBN 9780913516317

Perspectives on Early Andean Civilization in Peru:
Interaction, Authority, and Socioeconomic Organization during the First and Second Millennia BC
Edited by Richard L. Burger, Lucy C. Salazar, and Yuji Seki, 2020
YUPA 94 | ISBN 9780913516300

The 1912 Yale Peruvian Scientific Expedition Collections from Machu Picchu:
Metal Artifacts
Edited by Richard L. Burger and Lucy C. Salazar, 2012
With contributions by Robert B. Gordon and Bruce D. Owen
YUPA 91 | ISBN 9780913516270

Ancient Community and Economy at Chinchawas (Ancash, Peru)
By George F. Lau, 2010
YUPA 90 | ISBN 9780913516263

The Quito Manuscript:
An Inca History Preserved by Fernando de Montesinos
By Sabine Hyland, 2007
YUPA 88 | ISBN 9780913516249

The 1912 Yale Peruvian Scientific Expedition Collections from Machu Picchu:
Human and Animal Remains
Edited by Richard L. Burger and Lucy C. Salazar, 2003
With contributions by George R. Miller, John W. Verano, Julia A. Lee-Thorp and Nikolaas J. van der Merwe
YUPA 85 | ISBN 9780913516218

Excavations at Corozal, Venezuela:
Stratigraphy and Ceramic Seriation
By Anna Curtenius Roosevelt, 1997
YUPA 83 | ISBN 9780913516171

Atopula, Guerrero, and Olmec Horizons in Mesoamerica
By John S. Henderson, 1979
YUPA 77 | ISBN 978091351610

La Pitía: An Archaeological Series in Northwestern Venezuela
By Patrick Gallagher, 1976
YUPA 76 | ISBN 9780913516096

North America

Settlement, Nesting Territories and Conflicting Legal Systems in a Micmac Community
By Daniel P. Strouthes, 2010
YUPA 89 | ISBN 9780913516256

The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England
By John Menta, 2003
YUPA 86 | ISBN 9780913516225

The Prehistory of Fishtrap, Kentucky
By R.C. Dunnell, 1972
YUPA 75 | ISBN 9780913516089

The Han Indians:
A Compilation of Ethnographic and Historical Data on the Alaska–Yukon Boundary Area
By Cornelius Osgood, 1971
YUPA 74 | ISBN 9780913516072

Editorial Committee

Richard L. Burger
Curatorial Editor-in-Chief,
Charles J. MacCurdy Professor of Anthropology,
Director of Graduate Studies in Archaeology
Curator, Peabody Museum Anthropology

Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos
Associate Professor of Anthropology,
Director of Undergraduate Studies in Archaeology
Curator-in-charge, Peabody Museum Anthropology

Anne Underhill
Professor of Anthropology,
Yale Department of Anthropology
Curator, Peabody Museum Anthropology


Rosemary Volpe Publications Manager,