Guide for Authors

The Journal of Marine Research publishes articles, either theoretical or descriptive, dealing with investigations pertaining to problems of the sea. Interdisciplinary (and disciplinary) research emphasizing fundamental processes, connections and mechanistic approaches in both the coastal and open ocean is particularly appropriate. Its pages are open to contributors from all countries, but publication is in English only and a foreign author should so prepare his or her paper. The Journal of Marine Research does not publish material that has been, or will be, published elsewhere.


Manuscript Preparation | Citations and References | Figures and Tables | Copyright


All manuscripts submissions are sent out for external peer review by one or more referees, as well as being reviewed internally by the Journal of Marine Research Editor and/or Associate Editor.


Submissions that require revision will be returned to authors with reviewer comments and recommendations. Substantial changes may require new electronic files (including revised figures, if any). Manuscripts may go through a single or several revision cycles. The failure of an author to make required changes can result in the rejection of the manuscript; unrequested changes without written justification may be treated as a new submission if substantial, or may result in rejection. Delays may result if materials are not in proper form. Authors should keep copies of all materials submitted.


Manuscripts are edited for Journal of Marine Research style and format once peer review is complete and revisions are incorporated. Submissions are published approximately in the order in which they are accepted for publication. Page proofs of the copyedited and formatted manuscript are sent to the corresponding author for final approval. This proof copy is for checking printer’s errors only and to resolve any queries or missing information; only trivial revisions can be made at this stage. Extensive revisions other than typographical errors will not be allowed at the page proof stage of the production process unless the author is willing to cover the costs of any such revisions. Corrected page proofs must be returned within 7 days.


Manuscripts should be submitted as electronic files (including figures) to the Journal's office (  The manuscript file formats must conform to the specific guidelines in the Manuscript Preparation section (below). The Journal requires that manuscripts are original and have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted elsewhere. The submission email must be copied to all of the manuscript's co-authors. If this is not done, the Journal's office will require a list of all co-authors along with their email addresses so that their approval of the submission can be obtained.   The review process will not commence until it is clear that all co-authors have been contacted and approve of the submission. The process will be expedited if the initial submission email is copied to all co-authors.


There are no page or color charges for publishing in the Journal of Marine Research.


Manuscript Preparation


Manuscripts are always to be initially submitted as electronic files in Microsoft Word or PDF format to facilitate the peer-review process. For the final manuscript submissions the Journal of Marine Research accepts both Microsoft Word files and LaTeX files accompanied by an exact copy in PDF format. All final figures are to be provided separately as either high-resolution TIF raster files or EPS vector files (see below).


Manuscripts should be double-spaced in a standard 12-point font with one-inch margins all around. Include an unnumbered cover page with the article title, authors’ names, affiliations, mailing addresses and e-mail addresses. Designate a corresponding author for co-authored articles.


Sections in the text should be divided and numbered consecutively. Use a minimum of 2 subheadings per main heading. Place headings on separate lines, formatted sentence style, as follows:


1. Heading (bold)

a. Section (italic)

i. Subsection (italic)


Download sample LaTeX files showing styles and formatting here.


U.S. English spelling and usage is preferred. Indent all paragraphs. Center all display equations and number each on the right margin. Figures and tables must be cited in the text and numbered consecutively and separately according to first mention in the text. Provide captions for figures and tables in a separate electronic file. Units should be in International System of Units (SI) format.


Manuscripts should contain at a minimum the following components, formatted as shown:


ABSTRACT with up to 10 Keywords

1. Introduction

2. Additional main headings

6. Conclusions


APPENDIX [if present]



Include all graphics files (illustrations and photographs) as separate digital files with initial submission, so that any resolution or compatibility issues can be assessed (see below for requirements).


Submit manuscripts via e-mail to the Journal of Marine Research at Small files may be sent as attachments to e-mail. If you have larger files, please contact us for access to our file sharing service. Keep copies of all submitted files.


The Journal of Marine Research uses the latest edition of Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (7th ed.), as its primary style manual, along with The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed. 978-0-226104-20-1). See these references for specific recommendations and examples.


The Journal of Marine Research reserves the right to adjust style and format to meet the production specifications of the publication, and reserves the right to reject figures and manuscripts that do not conform to these requirements.


Citations and References


Citations in text use the author-name system:


(Ledwell et al., 1983)


For multiple citations in one parenthetical, list in chronological order first, then alphabetically:


(Smith and Jones, 1991; LaCasce, 2008)


For identical authors in the same year, use letters:


(Smith, R. and L. B. Jones, 2009a, 2009b)


For similar authors in the same year, use enough names to distinguish the citations:


(Smith, Jones, Hu and James et al., 2009)


(Smith, Jones, James and Hu et al., 2009)


References are listed alphabetically (letter-by-letter) according to the first author’s last name; give initials only with periods and spaces. Co-authors should be listed with the initials preceding the last name; use et al. if more than 7 authors are listed. Use sentence style for articles and title style for book titles. Sample formats follow:


Journal article:


Last name, Initials, Initials Co-author1 and Initials Co-author2. Year. Article title in sentence style. Journal name abbreviated, Volume, full page numbers with en dash. doi:


Wijesekera, H. W., J. S. Allen and P. Newberger. 2003. A modeling study of turbulent mixing over the continental shelf: Comparison of turbulent closure schemes. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C3), 3103. doi:10.1029/2001JC001234




Last Name, Initials. Year. Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher, total pages.


Pedlosky, J. 1998. Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. New York: Springer, 728 pp.


Chapter in a book or paper in published proceedings:


Last Name, Initials. Year. Chapter title in sentence style in Book Title. Editor/Author initials. Last Name, ed. Place of publication: Publisher, full chapter page numbers with en dash.


Bryden, H. L. 1983. The southern ocean, in Eddies in Marine Science. A. R. Robinson, ed. New York: Springer, 265–277.




Last Name, Initials. Year. Title. Ph.D. diss., Institution. Online source (if available).


Kinney, J. W. 2012. Evolution of the Peconic Estuary “Oyster Terrain” Long Island, NY. Ph.D. diss., State University of New York at Stony Brook. ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 3517544.


Conference presentations:


Last Name, Initials. Year. “Title.” Paper presented at Name of Annual Meeting, Society Name, Meeting Location.


Web page:


DOE NIEA (Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland Environment Agency). 2014. Coast & sea. Last modified July 20, 2010; accessed January 1, 2014. © Crown Copyright,


Forthcoming manuscripts under contract:


Last name, Initials, Initials Co-author1 and Initials Co-author2. Article title in sentence style. Journal name abbreviated, in press.


Last Name, Initials. Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher, in press.


Unpublished manuscripts and manuscripts in preparation should be cited only in the text.


See also:

Journal Abbreviation Resources on the Web (University of Illinois)

Stony Brook University Library


Figures and Tables


Digital files are preferred for all figures. All illustrations and photographs are to be provided at the time of submission as electronic files scanned or prepared to professional standards. Multi-part figures should be provided as a single electronic file proportional to the available journal page size, rather than as separate files.


Tabular material should be typed separately in individual files and not placed in the text. Submit tables as separate electronic tab-delimited word processing files or spreadsheets. Number tables consecutively using Arabic numerals, separate from figures. Do not use embedded graphics, vertical lines or vertical writing, or all capital letters; do not submit tables as image files.


Submit figures as separate electronic TIF or EPS image files.


The minimum resolution requirements for TIF (raster) files:

  • 1200 ppi for monochrome (black and white) line images (save as bitmap to reduce file size)
  • 300 ppi for halftones (CMYK color or grayscale photographs)
  • 600 ppi for “combination” files that have both photographs and text and/or line art


Size all raster and scanned figures to 100% of the final page width (5 inches maximum, 3 inches minimum, about 2000 to 2600 pixels wide). We recommend you print your file at actual size to judge the readability of the figure.


The minimum requirements for EPS (vector) files:

  • Embed (not linked) all placed photographs as 300 ppi TIF halftones (color or grayscale)
  • Outline all fonts


Low resolution image files, including Google Map images, downloaded from the Internet will not reproduce well and cannot be accepted.


Figures created in Microsoft Office products are also low resolution and will not reproduce well. For these, scan a good quality crisp printout of the figure as a high resolution TIF image file (see above).


Figures will be evaluated for suitability for publication and any technical improvements needed provided to the author when manuscripts are returned with reviewer comments. All final figures must be submitted with the final revised manuscript and must meet Journal of Marine Research technical requirements. Contact the editorial office for assistance at any time.


All illustrations and photographs are to be called “Figures” and numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Use bold uppercase sans serif letters in a standard typeface (Helvetica, Arial, Symbol, Mathematical Pi, European Pi; Type 1 Postscript fonts) for labels; be consistent in the use and style of labels throughout the manuscript. Authors may indicate the approximate desired position for figures in the text with notes in the manuscript margins, but exact placement cannot be guaranteed. Figures and tables will be placed as close as possible to first mention as practical.


Figures and tables should be designed for “portrait” reproduction rather than “landscape”; no figure or table will be published larger than page size, as a tip-in, insert or fold-out. Scale bars must appear on illustrations, photographs and maps; alternatively, magnification values can be given in the accompanying caption text. Provide a title or first descriptive sentence for multi-part figures. Do not include the figure number or title as part of the figure itself; these should be placed in the caption, along with any definitions for abbreviations, symbols or labels. Do not use all capital letters for labels or titles.


For guidance on image specifications for print and specific software recommendations, see


For further guidance on designing figures and tables, see Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th ed., Chapter 30, and The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., Chapter 3.




By submitting manuscripts to the Journal of Marine Research authors agree to grant the Journal of Marine Research using our agreement form an exclusive right of first publication of their contribution in print and electronically, and grant to the Journal of Marine Research the nonexclusive worldwide license to reproduce, distribute and archive the manuscript, including licensing to third parties, in all languages and media for the full term of copyright. The manuscript cannot be previously published in whole or in part, and cannot currently be under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Authors published in the Journal of Marine Research retain copyright and proprietary rights, such as trademark and patent rights, in the manuscript. JMR will include a copyright notice with the published article and will provide authors, on publication, a free PDF file of the published article. Authors of manuscripts published in the Journal of Marine Research will credit the original Journal of Marine Research publication in their uses of the article. 


Authors will need to obtain written permission from the copyright holders, at the authors’ expense, for copyrighted materials used in their submission, and provide documentation of the granted permission for reproduction. Full credit and attribution for such materials must be included in captions and/or the acknowledgements. You may use our sample permission request letter.


A note about Google Maps: All images exported from Google Maps must be at high resolution and must have proper attribution. Documentation for permission to use these maps is not required, but retain any original credit and copyright information that appear on the images (at a size legible in the final printed version).  For more information see the Google attribution instructions:


Updated 2 November 2016