Rocks, Minerals and Their Properties
Garnet inclusions in a metamorphic specimen from Southbury, Connecticut. Garnet is the state mineral of Connecticut.

Grade Level: Grades 4 through 8
Next Generation Science Standards:


ESS2 Earth's Systems

  • 4-ESS2-1. Make observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation.
  • 5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
  • MS-ESS2-1. Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth's materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
  • MS-ESS2-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.

Description: Students will be introduced to a variety of minerals, how they form, and properties that can be identified through the use of simple tests and observations.  These may include color, odor, hardness, luster, magnetism and transparency.  The rock cycle, including igneous, sedimentary and metamophic rock types will also be introduced including an understanding of how each rock type is formed and where they can be found in Connecticut.


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