This fiberglass cast is of a basalt sculpture from the Early Olmec center of San Lorenzo, Tenochtitlan, Vera Cruz, Mexico. The original head dates to about 1200 to 900 B.C.E. and is probably a portrait of an Olmec king. The helmet may have been a protective covering for the sacred ball game.
The cast was made in 1967 by a team of archaeologists led by Michael D. Coe, C.J. MacCurdy Professor of Anthropology Emeritus at Yale, and Curator Emeritus of Anthropology at the Peabody Museum.