A brown or brownish gray toad of 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10 cm) in length. The brown spots on the back generally contain 1 or 2 wart-like protuberances. The belly is creamy white with a peppering of dark spots.
Breeds in vernal pools and more permanent pools providing habitat is otherwise suitable with a lot of submerged vegetation. Egg masses are string-like, rather than clumped.
This American Toad larva from Canaan, Connecticut (at right) is nearly finished with metamorphosis.
Highly variable. The species can be found in mixed hardwood forests, or suburban backyards. Typical requirements include sandy soil with leaf litter or other substrate to hide under, and some source of moisture.
Invertebrates, including insects and earthworms.
Widespread throughout the state.
Conant, R. and J.T. Collins. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern/Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 450 pp.
Klemens, M.W. 1993. Amphibians and Reptiles of Connecticut and Adjacent Regions. Hartford, CT: State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut Bulletin 112. 318 pp.
Text by Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell.
Photographs © Twan Leenders. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Animals featured in photographs on this page are from Connecticut.
Audio files from The Calls of Frogs and Toads [book and CD-ROM]
Published March 2004 by Stackpole Books; 1.800.732.3669.
© 1994 Lang Elliott/NatureSound Studio
All rights reserved. Used by permission.